In this third, enlarged edition of Lehrs’ classic study, the reader is led, step by step, to a spiritual-scientific method of investigation. The author demonstrates how one can transcend the boundaries of the physical-material world, to the metaphysical origins of nature and the human being. This is a pioneering new method of training both the mind and eye, as well as other human senses, leading to a transformation from our modern ‘onlooking’ consciousness to a new kind of ‘participative’ consciousness.
The beginnings of this method were formulated by Goethe (1749-1832) more than 200 years ago, but his contemporaries offered little in the way of fertile ground for his ideas. It was Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) who recognized the significance of ‘Goetheanism’ for the future development not only of science, but of human culture in general, and who developed Goethe’s work in modern times.
Man or Matter contains the systematic results of the author’s work using the methods of Goethe and Steiner (the latter whom he knew personally). With this unique study, he addresses himself to anyone – with or without a specialized scientific training – who is concerned with developing the human power of cognition in the present time.
This revised edition was edited by Nick Thomas and Peter Bortoft.
ERNST LEHRS (1894-1979) was born in Berlin. Having fought in World War I, he studied Science, graduating with a PhD in 1923. He became a senior teacher at the first Waldorf School in Germany, but in 1935 emigrated to the Netherlands where he worked as a teacher, and later moved to Britain. In 1952 he returned to Germany and worked as a lecturer at the newly-established course in anthroposophical curative education in Eckwälden, where he remained until his death.